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如何撰写论文提纲

本文摘要:点击蓝字|关注我们你还在为写论文而烦恼吗?你写论文还是只会“ctrl+c”和“ctrl+v吗?你还在为筹字数而胡扯、信口开河吗?是的话就收下下面这一篇论文纲领写作指南。一、论文纲领的用处 1、可以体现作者的总体思路。提纲是由序码和文字组成的一种逻辑图表,是资助作者思量文章全篇逻辑组成的写作设计图。 其优点在于,让你知道该如何条理清晰地叙述自己的看法。2、有利于论文前后呼应。

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点击蓝字|关注我们你还在为写论文而烦恼吗?你写论文还是只会“ctrl+c”和“ctrl+v"吗?你还在为筹字数而胡扯、信口开河吗?是的话就收下下面这一篇论文纲领写作指南。一、论文纲领的用处 1、可以体现作者的总体思路。提纲是由序码和文字组成的一种逻辑图表,是资助作者思量文章全篇逻辑组成的写作设计图。

其优点在于,让你知道该如何条理清晰地叙述自己的看法。2、有利于论文前后呼应。有一个提纲,可以资助我们树立全局看法,从整体出发,在磨练每一个部门所占的职位、所起的作用,相互间是否有逻辑联系,不至于牛头差池马嘴。

  3、有利于实时调整修改。在论文的研究和写作历程中,需要阅读海量的资料,如果不认真编写提纲,动起笔来就会被这种差别资料中的差别看法所滋扰,不得不停下笔来重新思考,甚至推翻自己的看法重新来过;这样,不仅增加了事情量,也会极大地影响写作情绪。另外提纲撰写地好也有助于知道老师实时给出建议。

二、编写提纲的步骤:论文的纲领一般包罗以下几个部门:1. 摘要对提出的问题以及将如何探讨做一份简要的叙述。2. 陈述研究问题(绪论)?这里必须回覆以下几个疑问:什么样的问题?为什么很重要?其他有谁探讨过类似的问题?他们的结论为?结论的普适性?结论的不足?3. 研究配景以及此研究的必须性?这部门用来讲明所讨论的问题在已往的研究中因研究者论证不充实或者实验数据禁绝确等因素引起的研究结论缺乏准确性或者需要增补。这一部门旨在指出我们为什么选择此方面举行探索,而不是其他方面。同时,必须指出他们的研究与自己的研究的差异性,或有待革新的地方。

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4. 研究内容的陈述?这一部门需要包罗研究方法(使用何种方法、何种软件以及前人使用这种方法曾做过哪些研究等)、资料的收集与分析以及实验的历程步骤等。5. 研究的结果?这一部门需要尽列出在研究历程中获得的所有能够支撑结论的真实实验数据,是如何通过对这些实验数据的分析,一步步地得出实验结论的。

6. 研究不足与展望?这一部门更多是出于文章完整性的思量,因为每一篇论文都是不完美的,当你写作的时候你一定能找出一万个缺陷,所以最后自我品评的时候就挑几个不那么原则性的问题说一说,好比:调研工具规模不够广,理论模型可以再细化等等……希望后人可以继续研究等简朴展望一下。这里可以参考借鉴一些别人的文献都是怎么样自我品评和展望的,基本上都是一个套路。7. 文献目录与其他参考资料?例子可以参考下面两张图片:Today's articleAre you still worrying about writing papers? Do you still only use "ctrl+c" and "ctrl+v" when writing a thesis? Are you still talking nonsense and talking about the word count? If yes, accept the following essay outline writing guide.1. The use of the essay outline1. It can reflect the author's overall thinking. An outline is a logical diagram composed of sequence codes and text, and is a writing design diagram that helps authors consider the logical composition of the entire article. The advantage is that it lets you know how to articulate your point of view.2. Conducive to echo before and after the thesis. There is an outline that can help us establish an overall concept. Starting from the whole, we are testing the status and role of each part, and whether there is a logical connection with each other, so as not to be wrong.  3. Conducive to timely adjustment and modification. In the research and writing process of the thesis, you need to read a huge amount of information. If you don’t write the outline carefully, you will be disturbed by the different opinions in this different information when you start the pen. You have to stop the pen to rethink or even overthrow your own. The point of view is from the beginning; this not only increases the workload, but also greatly affects the writing mood. In addition, a good outline is also helpful to know that the teacher will give advice in time.2. Steps to write an outline:The outline of the paper generally contains the following parts:1. SummaryMake a brief description of the issues raised and how they will be discussed.2. State the research question (introduction)?The following questions must be answered here: What kind of question? Why is it important? Has anyone else explored similar issues? What is their conclusion? The universality of the conclusion? Lack of conclusion?3. The research background and the necessity of this research?This part is used to show that the research conclusions caused by insufficient argumentation by the researchers or inaccurate experimental data in the past research on the issues discussed are lack of accuracy or need to be supplemented. This part of the statement aims to point out why we chose this aspect for exploration, rather than other aspects. At the same time, other relevant documents must be displayed and the differences between their own research and the listed documents or areas for improvement should be pointed out.4. Statement of research content?This part needs to include research methods (what method to use, what software and what research has been done by previous people using this method, etc.), data collection and analysis, and experimental process steps.5. The results of the research?This part needs to list all the real experimental data that can support the conclusions obtained in the research process, and how to draw experimental conclusions step by step through the analysis of these experimental data.6. Research deficiency and outlook?This part is more for the integrity of the article, because every essay is imperfect. When you are writing, you will be able to find 10,000 flaws, so when you finally self-criticize, choose a few not. Then let’s talk about the principled issues, such as: the scope of the research object is not wide enough, the theoretical model can be refined, etc.... I hope that future generations can continue to study and have a simple outlook. Here you can refer to how some other people's literature is about self-criticism and prospects, basically it is a routine.7. Bibliography and other reference materials?Examples can refer to the following two pictures:翻译泉源——Google翻译参考资料:知乎、百度百科本文由LearningYard学苑原创,部门图片泉源于网络,如有侵权请联系删除。关注我们,带你一起涨知识!。


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